Types of anesthesia in anesthesiology

The anesthesiologist prepares the appropriate type of anesthesia and performs control during the procedure. There is a mainown division into three roThe different types of anesthesia in anesthesiology, namely local anesthesia, regional anesthesia, also known as „blockade” and anesthesia ogolne commonly known as narcosis. The type of anesthesia is determined before surgery after consultation with the patient and other doctors (see specialist consultation: https://carolina.en/consulting-center/).

Local anesthesia

Local anesthesia is designed to provide painlessness at a specific site of action. In this case, we use an additional division into superficial and epidural anesthetics.

Surface anesthesia is most often used in ophthalmology, dermatology, laryngology or urology. They concern the abolition of the feeling of bolu, temperature and touch in one limited place on the surface of the skory or mucous membranes. They involve the application of a drug, usually a gel or spray.

Intraosseous anesthetics, on the other hand, involve injecting a given area with a needle equipped with a syringe of anesthetic agent. This anesthesia is often used for suture placementow.

Regional anesthesia

Regional anesthesia removes the feeling of bolu and temperature and can immobilize limbs. Consists of administering medicationoInto a given area of the nerveow. There are several types ofoin regional anesthesia – Subarachnoid anesthesiaoRemovable, epidural, and nerve blockadeoin the peripheral.

This is the first – sub-watershedsowkowe – involves the administration of a drugoIn anesthetics into the spinal cord area. This is because the roots of the nerveoin the corresponding perceptions of specific areasoin our body. The anesthetic drug takes effect almost immediately and includes a blockade of zarowno sensory as well as motor. This type of anesthesia is used m.In. For delivery by cesarean section, varicose vein surgeryoin lower extremities, hernias and in most gynecological and orthopedic surgeries.

Epidural anesthesia row is also anesthesia administered through a needle or catheter injected into the spinal region, but since subarachnoid anesthesiaorois sometimes in decline, after whichorym begins to work. The effect with epidural anesthesia occurs after about 20 minutes, and the degree of motor blockade depends on the amount of anesthetic drug administered. This type of anesthesia is used for childbirth and long surgeries.

Nerve blockoin the periphery, just as the previous two anesthetics, roIt also involves the temporary abolition of the ability to move, feel bolu and the patient’s temperature, however, involves injecting anesthetic into the plexus areaoIn nerve or single nerveow. The effect of this blockade lasts for up to several hours.

Anesthesia ogolne

In the case of someorych operations it is possible to use only og anesthesiaolny or so-called. anesthesia (with possible additional local anesthesia). They are used primarily in og surgeryolne, where patient sleep and muscle relaxation are required for surgery. This anesthesia is also used for cardiac or neurosurgical operations. Consists of temporary disabling of consciousness and sensation bolu by the patient through the administration of the drugoin anesthesia. Before the patient is anesthetized, he or she is connected to devices that monitor his or her vital functions.

The choice of appropriate anesthesia is decided by the anesthesiologist, whoory qualifies the patient for a given procedure, ensures that the procedure is carried out correctly and supervises the postoperative period.